Types of Wound Dressings and Their Applications in Medical Treatment

In life, accidents happen and sometimes those accidents can result in injury. Wound treatment should be done with care and skill, so the wound can heal as quickly as possible, without risk of infection or other complications. Cuts, abrasions, lacerations, burns, punctures, avulsion, contusion, incision – there are many different kinds of wounds, and all require their own specific form of treatment and care. The method also depends on the severity, location and size of the wound. Here are a few of the different dressing types and which wounds to use them with.


Probably the most common and well-known form of dressing, cloth can be used on open wounds, grazes, cuts and abrasions, with the help of antiseptic cream or other disinfecting agents. They can be fixed , with medical equipment like pins, bandage clips or by tying.


This kind of dressing can be used on burns, wounds that are weeping or bleeding, necrotic wounds, pressure ulcers, and venous ulcers. They are comfortable, suitable for most skin types and self-adhesive, therefore easy to apply. The surface is covered with polymers that absorb moisture to form a gel, ensuring the wound is clean and heals easily.


Hydrogel can be used with more serious wounds, such as burns, infected wounds, donor sites and necrotic wounds. They contain cooling agents that give a soothing effect and also help with the healing and protective processes.


Alginate is useful for wounds that are weeping profusely, such as  burns, venous ulcers, packing wounds, and higher state pressure ulcers. They are made from sodium and seaweed fibres, and are able to absorb high amounts of moisture. That being said, they need to be changed frequently due to the nature of the wounds which they treat.


Collagen helps the growth of new tissue, and offers something of a basis for new cell growth. It can be used to treat chronic wounds or stalled wounds, pressure sores, transplant sites, surgical wounds, ulcers, burns, or injuries with a large surface area.


Foam helps keep wounds moist and prevents bacteria during the healing process. It can be sued for a range of wounds of varying severity.


When medical and  health professionals wish to monitor the healing process of a wound, they may use this breathable dressing. They can be applied to injuries such as surgical incision sites, on burns and ulcers, and on IV sites, keeping them dry and clean, as well as preventing infection.

When it comes to wound care, Team Med have it covered. Have a look at our selection of gauzes, bandages, tapes, solutions and other dressings, and stock up from their online medical equipment and supplies store today!